Clinical And Experimental Immunology
Food allergy is a major public health problem. Studies have shown that long-term interactions between activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM/CD166), on the surface of antigen presenting cells, and CD6, a co-stimulatory molecule, influence immune responses. However, there are currently no studies on the functions of ALCAM in food allergy. Therefore, we aimed to identify the functions of ALCAM in ovalbumin (OVA)-induced food allergy using ALCAM-deficient mice. Wild-type (WT) and ALCAM-deficient (ALCAM-/- ) mice were intraperitoneally sensitized with and orally fed OVA. The mice were sacrificed, and parameters related to food allergy and TH 2 immune responses were analyzed. ALCAM serum levels increased and mRNA expression decreased in OVA-challenged WT mice. Serum IgE levels, TH 2 cytokine mRNA, and histological injuries were higher in OVA-challenged WT mice than in control mice, and these were attenuated in ALCAM-/- mice. T cell proliferation of total cells, CD3+ CD4+ T cell, and activated T cells in immune tissues were diminished in OVA-challenged ALCAM-/- mice. Proliferation of co-cultured T cells and dendritic cells (DCs) was decreased by the anti-CD6 antibody. In addition, WT mice sensitized by adoptive transfer of OVA-pulsed ALCAM-/- BM-derived DCs showed reduced immune responses. Lastly, serum ALCAM levels were higher in children with food allergy than in control subjects. In this study, serum levels of ALCAM were elevated in food allergy-induced WT mice and children with food allergy. Moreover, immune responses and T cell activation were attenuated in OVA-challenged ALCAM-/- mice. These results indicate that ALCAM regulates food allergy by affecting T cell activation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.