Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) stimulate production of inflammatory cytokines. Chrysin is flavonoid beneficial for treatment of inflammatory conditions. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BM-MSC) exosomes have regenerative ability in different tissues.
To assess potential role of chrysin and BM-MSC exosomes on ultra-structure, viability and function of human dermal fibroblasts-adult (HDFa) stimulated by LPS.
HDFa cells were divided into: Group I: Cells received no treatment. Group II: Cells were stimulated with LPS. Group III: LPS stimulated cells were treated with chrysin. Group IV: LPS stimulated cells were treated with exosomes.
After 48 h, ultrastructural examination of HDFa cells in Group I revealed intact plasma membrane and numerous cytoplasmic organelles. Group II displayed destructed plasma membrane and apoptotic bodies. Group III showed intact plasma membrane with loss of its integrity at some areas. Group IV demonstrated intact plasma membrane that showed fusion with exosomes at some areas. Statistical analysis of MTT represented highest mean value of cell viability% in Group IV followed by Groups III, I and II respectively. Statistical analysis of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) showed the highest mean value of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) was in Group II followed by Groups III, IV and I, while highest mean values of interleukin-10 (IL-10), nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) proteins were in Group I, followed by Groups IV, III and II respectively.
LPS have harmful consequences on ultra-structure, viability and function of HDFa cells. BM-MSC exosomes have better regenerative action on inflamed fibroblasts in comparison to chrysin.