Citation

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Binding of WIP to actin is essential for T cell actin cytoskeleton integrity and tissue homing.

Massaad, MJ;Oyoshi, MK;Kane, J;Koduru, S;Alcaide, P;Nakamura, F;Ramesh, N;Luscinskas, FW;Hartwig, J;Geha, RS;

The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASp) is important for actin polymerization in T cells and for their migration. WASp-interacting protein (WIP) binds to and stabilizes WASp and also interacts with actin. Cytoskeletal and functional defects are more severe in WIP(-/-) T cells, which lack WASp, than in WASp(-/-) T cells, suggesting that WIP interaction with actin may be important for T cell cytoskeletal integrity and function. We constructed mice that lack the actin-binding domain of WIP (WIPABD mice). WIPABD associated normally with WASp but not F-actin. T cells from WIPABD mice had normal WASp levels but decreased cellular F-actin content, a disorganized actin cytoskeleton, impaired chemotaxis, and defective homing to lymph nodes. WIPABD mice exhibited a T cell intrinsic defect in contact hypersensitivity and impaired responses to cutaneous challenge with protein antigen. Adoptively transferred antigen-specific CD4(+) T cells from WIPABD mice had decreased homing to antigen-challenged skin of wild-type recipients. These findings show that WIP binding to actin, independently of its binding to WASp, is critical for the integrity of the actin cytoskeleton in T cells and for their migration into tissues. Disruption of WIP binding to actin could be of therapeutic value in T cell-driven inflammatory diseases.