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Bystander-mediated stimulation of proteolipid protein-specific regulatory T (Treg) cells confers protection against experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) via TGF-

Jun, S;Ochoa-Repraz, J;Zlotkowska, D;Hoyt, T;Pascual, DW;

To assess the potency of regulatory T (Treg) cells induced against an irrelevant Ag, mice were orally vaccinated with Salmonella expressing Escherichia coli colonization factor antigen I fimbriae. Isolated CD25+ and CD25CD4+ T cells were adoptively transferred to naive mice, and Treg cells effectively protected against experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), unlike Treg cells from Salmonella vector-immunized mice. This protection was abrogated upon in vivo neutralization of TGF-, resulting in elevated IL-17 and loss of IL-4 and IL-10 production. Thus, Treg cells induced to irrelevant Ags offer a novel approach to treat autoimmune diseases independent of auto-Ag.