Journal Of Bioscience And Bioengineering
In this study, we prepared fractions containing multifunctional cationic peptides by separating the commercial soybean protein hydrolysate Hinute-AM into 20 fractions. These fractions contained peptides with various isoelectric points (pI), as indicated by ampholyte-free isoelectric focusing (autofocusing). Thus, we purified and identified the cationic peptides from fractions 19 and 20, which had pH values greater than 10, using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography and matrix-assisted laser/desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectroscopy. Among 19 identified cationic peptides, NKNAKPPSPR, PGKKNAIV, KSGPGMSPR, NVSKPPRVV, RKVGAGGRKPLG, and LPCVIGGVPKRV had high pI values and were included as chemically synthesized peptides in assays of various functions, including lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-neutralizing and angiogenic activities. Chromogenic LPS-neutralizing assays using Limulus amebocyte lysates showed that 50% effective concentrations of these six peptides were between 1.63 and 2.65 M, and were higher than that (0.12 M) of polymyxin B. Moreover, in tube-formation assays in human umbilical vein endothelial cells, all of the six cationic peptides except LPCVIGGVPKRV exhibited angiogenic activities similar to those of the positive control LL-37. In addition, the six identified cationic peptides had no hemolytic activity at concentrations up to 500 M in mammalian red blood cells. Our results demonstrate that five of the identified cationic peptides, excluding LPCVIGGVPKRV, have multiple functions and little or no hemolytic activity. These data indicate that fractions containing cationic peptides from Hinute-AM have the potential to be used as dietary supplements and functional ingredients in food products. Copyright 2018 The Society for Biotechnology, Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.