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Control of Toll-like receptor-mediated T cell-independent type 1 antibody responses by the inducible nuclear protein IB-.

Hanihara-Tatsuzawa, F;Miura, H;Kobayashi, S;Isagawa, T;Okuma, A;Manabe, I;MaruYama, T;

Antibody responses have been classified as being either T cell-dependent or T cell-independent (TI). TI antibody responses are further classified as being either type 1 (TI-1) or type 2 (TI-2), depending on their requirement for B cell-mediated antigen receptor signaling. Although the mechanistic basis of antibody responses has been studied extensively, it remains unclear whether different antibody responses share similarities in their transcriptional regulation. Here, we show that mice deficient in IB-, specifically in their B cells, have impaired TI-1 antibody responses but normal T cell-dependent and TI-2 antibody responses. The absence of IB- in B cells also impaired proliferation triggered by Toll-like receptor (TLR) activation, plasma cell differentiation, and class switch recombination (CSR). Mechanistically, IB--deficient B cells could not induce TLR-mediated induction of activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID), a class-switch DNA recombinase. Retroviral transduction of AID in IB--deficient B cells restored CSR activity. Furthermore, acetylation of histone H3 in the vicinity of the transcription start site of the gene that encodes AID was reduced in IB--deficient B cells relative to IB--expressing B cells. These results indicate that IB- regulates TLR-mediated CSR by inducing AID. Moreover, IB- defines differences in the transcriptional regulation of different antibody responses.