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E3 ubiquitin ligase NEDD4L negatively regulates inflammation by promoting ubiquitination of MEKK2

Li, H;Wang, N;Jiang, Y;Wang, H;Xin, Z;An, H;Pan, H;Ma, W;Zhang, T;Wang, X;Lin, W;

Aberrant activation of inflammation signaling triggered by tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin-1 (IL-1), and interleukin-17 (IL-17) is associated with immunopathology. Here, we identify neural precursor cells expressed developmentally down-regulated gene 4-like (NEDD4L), a HECT type E3 ligase, as a common negative regulator of signaling induced by TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-17. NEDD4L modulates the degradation of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 2 (MEKK2) via constitutively and directly binding to MEKK2 and promotes its poly-ubiquitination. In interleukin-17 receptor (IL-17R) signaling, Nedd4l knockdown or deficiency enhances IL-17-induced p38 and NF-κB activation and the production of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines in a MEKK2-dependent manner. We further show that IL-17-induced MEKK2 Ser520 phosphorylation is required not only for downstream p38 and NF-κB activation but also for NEDD4L-mediated MEKK2 degradation and the subsequent shutdown of IL-17R signaling. Importantly, Nedd4l-deficient mice show increased susceptibility to IL-17-induced inflammation and aggravated symptoms of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in IL-17R signaling-dependent manner. These data suggest that NEDD4L acts as an inhibitor of IL-17R signaling, which ameliorates the pathogenesis of IL-17-mediated autoimmune diseases.