European Journal Of Oral Sciences
Occlusion has been proposed to play a role for body posture and balance, both of which are mediated mainly by the cerebellum. The dorsomedial part of the principal sensory trigeminal nucleus (Vpdm) has direct projection to the cerebellum. The experimental unilateral anterior crossbite (UAC) has an impact on the motor nuclei in the brain stem via trigeminal mesencephalic nucleus (Vme). The current aim was to explore whether UAC has an impact on Vpdm-cerebellum circuit. The inferior alveolar nerve was injected into cholera toxin B subunit (CTb), the cerebellum was injected into fluoro-gold (FG), and the Vpdm was injected into biotinylated dextran amine (BDA) to identify the activation of Vpdm-cerebellum circuit by UAC. Data indicated that there were more neuronal nuclei (NeuN)/CTb/FG triple-labelled neurons and NeuN/CTb/vesicular glutamate transporter 1(VGLUT1) triple-labelled neurons in the Vpdm, and more NeuN/BDA/ VGLUT1 triple-labelled neurons in the cerebellum of rats with UAC than in control rats. The VGLUT1 expression in the Vpdm and cerebellum in the UAC group was higher than that in control rats. These findings indicate an excitatory impact of UAC on the Vpdm-cerebellum pathway and support the role of occlusion for body posture and balance.