Autoimmunity: Methods And Protocols
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system that is induced in laboratory animals by the generation of an immune response against myelin epitopes. It has been used as a prototype of Th1- and/or Th17-driven, organ-specific autoimmunity and as a model for the human disease, multiple sclerosis. In this chapter we describe two classic protocols for EAE induction (active immunization and adoptive transfer of Th1- or Th17-polarized cells) in Subheadings 3.1 and 3.2, respectively. Subheading 3.3 describes methods for rating clinical disease in symptomatic animals. Subheading 3.4 includes instructions for the isolation of mononuclear cells from the inflamed spinal cords of mice with EAE. Subheading 3.5 describes a method for performing the enzyme-linked immunospot assay.