American Journal Of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative And Comparative Physiology
In urethane/-chloralose anesthetized rats, cold exposure increased brown adipose tissue sympathetic nerve activity (BAT SNA: +699 104% control). Intravenous administration of 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG; 200 mgml(-1)kg(-1)) reversed the cold-evoked activation of BAT SNA (nadir: 139 36% of control) and decreased BAT temperature (-1.1 0.2C), expired CO(2) (-0.4 0.1%), and core temperature (-0.5 0.0). Similarly, unilateral nanoinjection of the glucoprivic agent 5-thioglucose (5-TG; 12 g/100 nl) in the ventrolateral medulla (VLM) completely reversed the cold-evoked increase in BAT SNA (nadir: 104 7% of control), and decreased T(BAT) (-1.4 0.3C), expired CO(2) (-0.2 0.0%), and heart rate (-35 10 beats/min). The percentage of rostral raph pallidus (RPa)-projecting neurons in the dorsal hypothalamic area/dorsomedial hypothalamus that expressed Fos in response to cold exposure (ambient temperature: 4-10C) did not differ between saline (28 6%) and 2-DG (30 5%) pretreated rats, whereas the percentage of spinally projecting neurons in the RPa/raph magnus that expressed Fos in response to cold exposure was lower in 2-DG- compared with saline-pretreated rats (22 6% vs. 42 5%, respectively). The increases in BAT SNA evoked by nanoinjection of bicuculline in the RPa or by transection of the neuraxis at the pontomedullary border were resistant to inhibition by glucoprivation. These results suggest that neurons within the VLM play a role in the glucoprivic inhibition of BAT SNA and metabolism, that this inhibition requires neural structures rostral to the pontomedullary border, and that this inhibition is mediated by a GABAergic input to the RPa.