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Ingested (oral) tocilizumab inhibits EAE

Brod, SA;Bauer, VL;

Blocking the activity of IL-6 can inhibit autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn’s disease.,We examined whether an antibody against IL-6, tocilizumab (TCZ) (Actemra), used clinically in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) would have similar anti-inflammatory effects in EAE after oral administration.,B6 mice were immunized with MOG peptide 35-55 and gavaged with control saline or TCZ during ongoing disease. Splenocytes, CD4(+) T cells or macrophages/monocyte lineage cells (CD11b(+)) from control fed or TCZ fed mice were adoptively transferred into active MOG peptide 35-55 immunized recipient mice during ongoing disease. Actively fed and recipient mice were examined for disease inhibition, inflammation, and cytokine responses.,Ingested (oral) TCZ inhibited ongoing disease and decreased inflammation. Adoptively transferred cells from TCZ fed donors protected against actively induced disease and decreased inflammation. There was a decrease in IL-6 in actively treated spleen, decrease in TNF-, Th1-like cytokine IL-12 and increase in Th2-like cytokine IL-10 in active fed and adoptively treated recipients.,Ingested (orally administered) TCZ can inhibit disease, CNS inflammation, decrease pro-inflammatory Th1-like cytokines and increase Th2-like anti-inflammatory cytokines.