Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is strictly linked to neuroinflammation and involves in the development of neurodegenerative disorders. Protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) is an enzyme that catalyzes formation and isomerization of disulfide bonds and also acts as a chaperone that survives the cells against cell death by removal of misfolded proteins. Our previous work revealed that PDI is explicitly upregulated in response to myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-induced ER stress in the brain of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mice. The significance of overexpression of PDI in the apoptosis of neural cells prompted us to study the effect of CCF642, efficient inhibitor of PDI, in the recovery of EAE clinical symptoms. Using this in vivo model, we characterized the ability of CCF642 to decrease the expression of ER stress markers and neuroinflammation in the hippocampus of EAE mice. Our observations suggested that CCF642 administration attenuates EAE clinical symptomsand the expression of ER stress-related proteins. Further, it suppressed the inflammatory infiltration of CD4+T cells and the activation of hippocampus-resident microglia and Th17 cells. We reported here that the inhibition of PDI protected EAE mice against neuronal apoptosis induced by prolonged ER stress and resulted in neuroprotection. Copyright 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.