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Monoclonal antibodies specific for podocalyxin expressed on human induced pluripotent stem cells

Watanabe, T;Kakuta, J;Saito, S;Hasehira, K;Kiyoi, K;Imai, T;Tateno, H;

Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are useful starting materials for the generation of cell therapy products, due to their pluripotency and ability to self-renew. Quality control of hiPSCs is extremely important in creating a stable supply of hPSC-derived products. Previously we identified an hiPSC-specific lectin probe, rBC2LCN, which binds specifically to α1,2-fucosylated glycan and recognizes podocalyxin (PODXL) as a glycoprotein ligand. In this study, we produced monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) specific for α1,2-fucosylated PODXL expressed on hiPSCs. PODXL was recombinantly expressed in fucosyltransferase 1 (FUT1)-transfected HEK293, followed by immunization into mice. Monoclonal antibodies, which bind to PODXL/FUT1-transfected cells, but not to cells transfected with only one of PODXL or FUT1, were screened by flow cytometry. The two mAbs generated (179-6B8C9 and 179-7E12E10), termed α1,2-fucosylated PODXL-specific mAbs (FpMabs), showed binding specificity to PODXL/FUT1-transfected cells. The FpMabs bound to hiPSCs but never to human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells, human dermal fibroblasts, or hiPSC-derived mesoderm. Altogether, FpMabs are highly specific probes for hiPSCs, which might be a powerful tool for the characterization of hiPSCs used in regenerative medicine.