European Archives Of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Interleukin (IL)-17A is a highly inflammatory cytokine and is known to be produced by Th17 cells. The importance of IL-17A expression in nasal epithelial cells is not well understood. The goal of this study is to explore the expression of IL-17A in nasal epithelial cells in vivo and in vitro. IL-17A and staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) were detected by immunofluorescence (IF) in nasal epithelial cells of control mucosa (n = 10) and nasal polyps (n = 20). Expression of IL-17A, RORC, IL-6, and TGF-1 was also measured by RT-PCR in the tissue of control nasal mucosa (n = 10) and nasal polyps (n = 20). IL-17A expression was evaluated in the human nasal epithelial cells after SEB stimulation. Finally, IL-17A expression was demonstrated by immunohistochemistry and IF following intranasal SEB instillation in mice. Expression of IL-17A in nasal epithelial cells was higher in nasal polyps compared to control mucosa. There was a significant correlation between IL-17A and SEB detection in nasal polyps using IF. SEB increased IL-17A expression in human nasal epithelial cells, and in epithelial cells of SEB instilled mice. In conclusion, SEB exposure of nasal epithelial cells induces the enhanced expression of IL-17A. SEB may be involved in pathogenesis of nasal polyps by enhancing IL-17A expression in epithelial cells in nasal polyps.