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The RNase MCPIP3 promotes skin inflammation by orchestrating myeloid cytokine response

Liu, B;Huang, J;Ashraf, A;Rahaman, O;Lou, J;Wang, L;Cai, P;Wen, J;Anwaar, S;Liu, X;Ni, H;Ganguly, D;Zhao, J;Yang, CY;

CCCH zinc finger proteins resolve immune responses by degrading the mRNAs of inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin (IL)-6. Here we report that one such family member, monocyte chemotactic protein-induced protein 3 (MCPIP3, also named ZC3H12C or Regnase-3), promotes skin inflammation by simultaneously enhancing TNF in macrophages and repressing IL-6 in plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs). MCPIP3 is positively associated with psoriasis pathogenesis, and highly expressed by macrophages and pDCs. MCPIP3-deficient macrophages produce less TNF and IL-12p40. However, MCPIP3-deficient pDCs secrete significantly more IL-6. This enhanced intradermal IL-6 may alleviate imiquimod-induced skin inflammation. As a result, MCPIP3-deficient mice are protected from imiquimod-induced psoriasiform lesions. Furthermore, early exposure to pDC-derived IL-6 suppresses macrophage-derived TNF and IL-12p40. Mechanistically, MCPIP3 could directly degrade mRNAs of IL-6, Regnase-1, and I?B?. In turn, Regnase-1 could degrade MCPIP3 mRNAs. Our study identifies a critical post-transcriptional mechanism that synchronizes myeloid cytokine secretion to initiate autoimmune skin inflammation.