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A role for cGMP in inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS)-induced tumor necrosis factor (TNF) -converting enzyme (TACE/ADAM17) activation, translocation, and TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1) shedding in hepatocytes

Chanthaphavong, RS;Loughran, PA;Lee, TY;Scott, MJ;Billiar, TR;

We and others have previously shown that the inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS) and nitric oxide (NO) are hepatoprotective in a number of circumstances, including endotoxemia. In vitro, hepatocytes are protected from tumor necrosis factor (TNF) -induced apoptosis via cGMP-dependent and cGMP-independent mechanisms. We have shown that the cGMP-dependent protective mechanisms involve the inhibition of death-inducing signaling complex formation. We show here that LPS-induced iNOS expression leads to rapid TNF receptor shedding from the surface of hepatocytes via NO/cGMP/protein kinase G-dependent activation and surface translocation of TNF-converting enzyme (TACE/ADAM17). The activation of TACE is associated with the up-regulation of iRhom2 as well as the interaction and phosphorylation of TACE and iRhom2, which are also NO/cGMP/protein kinase G-dependent. These findings suggest that one mechanism of iNOS/NO-mediated protection of hepatocytes involves the rapid shedding of TNF receptor 1 to limit TNF signaling.