Nanomedicine : Nanotechnology, Biology, And Medicine
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has high mortality (~40 %) and requires the lifesaving intervention of mechanical ventilation. A variety of systemic inflammatory insults can progress to ARDS, and the inflamed and injured lung is susceptible to ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). Strategies to mitigate the inflammatory response while restoring pulmonary function are limited, thus we sought to determine if treatment with CNP-miR146a, a conjugate of novel free radical scavenging cerium oxide nanoparticles (CNP) to the anti-inflammatory microRNA (miR)-146a, would protect murine lungs from acute lung injury (ALI) induced with intratracheal endotoxin and subsequent VILI. Lung injury severity and treatment efficacy were evaluated via lung mechanical function, relative gene expression of inflammatory biomarkers, and lung morphometry (stereology). CNP-miR146a reduced the severity of ALI and slowed the progression of VILI, evidenced by improvements in inflammatory biomarkers, atelectasis, gas volumes in the parenchymal airspaces, and the stiffness of the pulmonary system.