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Inhibitory effects of a novel cationic dodecapeptide [CL(14-25)] derived from cyanate lyase of rice on endotoxic activities of LPSs from Escherichia coli and periodontopathic Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans

Takayama, S;Hashimoto, K;Kokubu, E;Taniguchi, M;Tajima, K;Ochiai, A;Saitoh, E;Saito, A;Ishihara, K;Kato, T;

CL(14-25), a dodecapeptide of cyanate lyase from rice, is a novel cationic -helical antimicrobial peptide. In this study, we examined inhibitory ability of CL(14-25) against endotoxic activities of lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) from Escherichia coli and periodontal pathogenic Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans.,Endotoxin-neutralizing activity of CL(14-25) was evaluated by inhibition to induction of cytokine and nitric oxide in human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) and RAW264 mouse macrophage cells, respectively. Protective effect of CL(14-25) was determined in mice against lethal toxicity of LPS.,IL-6 in HAECs was induced by stimulation with LPS preparations of A. actinomycetemcomitans and E. coli tested in this study, and addition of CL(14-25) to the medium caused inhibition of their induction in a dose-dependent manner. CL(14-25) inhibited NO induction in RAW264 cells by a smooth type LPS of E. coli O55:B5 and an Rc type LPS of E. coli J5 as well as lipid A of E. coli R515 in a dose-dependent manner. Simultaneous injection of E. coli O55:B5 LPS and CL(14-25) in BALB/c mice resulted in prevention of lethal toxicity of the former. The results of a Limulus amebocyte lysate assay and surface plasmon resonance analysis of interaction between CL(14-25) and E. coli LPS or lipid A showed that CL(14-25) specifically binds to a lipid A moiety of LPS.,The results of present study suggest that CL(14-25) has a potential to be used as a nutraceutical agent for periodontal therapy.