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Nephronectin influences EAE development by regulating the Th17/Treg balance via reactive oxygen species

Honda, M;Segawa, T;Ishikawa, K;Maeda, M;Saito, Y;Kon, S;

Blood levels of the extracellular matrix protein nephronectin (Npnt), a protein critical for kidney development, are elevated in autoimmune experimental autoimmune encephalitis (EAE) mice, which are a model for multiple sclerosis. We found here that treatment with anti-Npnt antibody directed against the ?8?1 integrin-binding site (Npnt-blocking antibody) inhibits EAE development. The selenium transporter selenoprotein P (SeP) was identified as a novel Npnt-binding partner. In EAE, Npnt induced SeP and glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPx1) expression, followed by reactive oxygen species (ROS) inhibition in CD4+ T cells; these changes were disturbed by Npnt-blocking antibody treatment, which also caused suppressed differentiation of interleukin (IL)-17-producing CD4+ T-helper cells (Th17s) and elevated differentiation of regulatory T cells (Tregs). Treatment of EAE mice with the ROS scavenger N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) blocked the Npnt-blocking antibody-induced decrease in Th17 differentiation and increase in Treg differentiation. In conclusion, the interaction between Npnt and SeP contributes to EAE development by regulating the Th17/Treg balance via the ROS level.