Journal Of Neurochemistry
We recently demonstrated in rat spinal cord that a regimen of escalating doses of systemic morphine, analogous to regimens used clinically for chronic pain management, selectively upregulates the mu-opioid receptor (MOR) splice variants MOR-1B2 and MOR-1C1 mRNA and functional protein. The current study investigated the potential relevance of upregulating MOR-1B2 and MOR-1C1 to the ability of chronic morphine to shift MOR signaling from predominantly Gi /Go inhibitory to Gs stimulatory. Specifically, we tested the hypotheses that chronic morphine induces phosphorylation of carboxyl terminal sites unique to MOR-1B2 and MOR-1C1, and that this phosphorylation is causally related to augmented association of these variants with Gs . Hypotheses were validated by (1) abolition of the chronic morphine-induced increment in MOR-1C1 and MOR-1B2 association with Gs by inhibitors of protein kinase A and Casein kinase 2, respectively; (2) failure of chronic morphine to augment MOR variant Gs interactions in Chinese hamster ovary cells transiently transfected with either rat MOR-1C1 or MOR-1B2 in which targeted protein kinase A and Casein kinase 2 serine phosphorylation sites, respectively, were mutated to alanine; (3) abrogation of chronic morphine-induced augmented MOR Gs association in spinal cord of male rats following intrathecal administration of dicer substrate small interfering RNAs targeting MOR-1B2/MOR-1C1 mRNA. The ability of chronic morphine to not only upregulate specific MOR variants but also their carboxyl terminal phosphorylation and consequent augmented association with Gs may represent a novel component of opioid tolerance mechanisms, suggesting novel potential targets for tolerance abatement. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.