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RIPK3 Promotes Mefv Expression and Pyrin Inflammasome Activation via Modulation of mTOR Signaling

Sharma, D;Malik, A;Balakrishnan, A;Malireddi, RKS;Kanneganti, TD;

Mutations in MEFV, the gene encoding pyrin in humans, are associated with the autoinflammatory disorder familial Mediterranean fever. Pyrin is an innate sensor that assembles into an inflammasome complex in response to Rho-modifying toxins, including Clostridium difficile toxins A and B. Cell death pathways have been shown to intersect with and modulate inflammasome activation, thereby affecting host defense. Using bone marrow-derived macrophages and a murine model of peritonitis, we show in this study that receptor-interacting protein kinase (RIPK) 3 impacts pyrin inflammasome activation independent of its role in necroptosis. RIPK3 was instead required for transcriptional upregulation of Mefv through negative control of the mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway and independent of alterations in MAPK and NF-?B signaling. RIPK3 did not affect pyrin dephosphorylation associated with inflammasome activation. We further demonstrate that inhibition of mTOR was sufficient to promote Mefv expression and pyrin inflammasome activation, highlighting the cross-talk between the mTOR pathway and regulation of the pyrin inflammasome. Our study reveals a novel interaction between molecules involved in cell death and the mTOR pathway to regulate the pyrin inflammasome, which can be harnessed for therapeutic interventions.